MEASUREMENT TECHNOLOGIES
& INITIAL APPLICATIONS

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BEACO2N Monitoring Network

BEACO2N is a new approach to observing atmospheric gases over an urban area. Instead of using a small number of extremely sensitive instruments to measure a large area, interesting locations are blanketed with a high density network of instruments, with each instrument representing a network “node.” 

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Imaging Saltwater Intrusion

Saltwater intrusion is the process by which saltwater migrates into a portion of a coastal aquifer that previously contained freshwater. It can have significant economical and ecological impacts, and therefore is a critical issue to investigate and manage. Using the geophysical method of Electrical Resistivity Tomography (ERT) results in continuous profiles of electrical resistivity with depth and is ideally suited to mapping out intrusion in coastal aquifers.

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Strathclyde Centre for Doctoral Training in Global Environmental Monitoring and Policy

A centre for doctoral training linked to the GEMM network, looking at critical issues around environmental measurement, environmental change and policy around the natural landscapes and the effects of climate change across physical process and socioeconomic dynamics.

CALIPSO

The Cloud-Aerosol Lidar and Infrared Pathfinder Satellite Observation (CALIPSO) satellite provides new insight into the role that clouds and atmospheric aerosols (airborne particles) play in regulating Earth's weather, climate, and air quality. CALIPSO combines an active lidar instrument with passive infrared and visible imagers to probe the vertical structure and properties of thin clouds and aerosols over the globe.

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Fraser of Allander Institute

The FAI was founded in 1975 with the aim of establishing a dedicated economics research institute focused on the Scottish economy. Since then, hundreds of students and researchers have helped the institute make an outstanding contribution to public life in Scotland and further afield.

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West Big Data Innovation Hub

The West Big Data Hub’s mission is to build and strengthen partnerships across industry, academia, nonprofits, and government to address societal and scientific challenges, spur economic development, and foster a national big data ecosystem. Our projects, events, activities, and initiatives span priority thematic areas as well as cross-cutting areas.

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Sentinel North

Funded by the Canada First Research Excellence Fund, the Sentinel North Strategy allows Université Laval to draw on over a half-century of northern and optics/photonics research to develop innovative new technology, train the next generation of transdisciplinary researchers and improve our understanding of the northern environment and its impact on human beings and their health.

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Center for Northern Studies

The Centre d’études nordique (CEN)’s mission is to contribute to the sustainable development of northern regions by way of an improved understanding and prediction of environmental change. Our research focuses on northern ecosystems and geosystems, and is used to formulate adaptation strategies relevant to the North. In partnership with national and international collaborators as well as with government, industry and northern communities, CEN plays a pivotal role in environmental stewardship and development of the circumpolar North through its research on cold environments. CEN trains highly qualified specialists adept at dealing with the challenges brought about by rapid change in the dual context of climate warming and socio-economic change. CEN is devoted to knowledge exchange with communities, thereby contributing to education, training and the well-being of northerners.

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National Groundwater Monitoring Programme

The New Zealand National Groundwater Monitoring Programme (NGMP) provides a national perspective on groundwater quality through the establishment of ‘baseline’ groundwater quality; associates groundwater quality with certain causes, such as anthropogenic influence; and provides best-practice methods for sampling and monitoring, as well as groundwater quality data interpretation. The NGMP consists of three components: operations (collaboration with all New Zealand regional authorities), research and database.

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Dodd-Walls Centre

The Dodd-Walls Centre is a national Centre of Research Excellence (CoRE) involving six New Zealand universities, hosted by the University of Otago. The Dodd Walls Center has over 200 members, approximately half of whom are research students. Our research income includes base CoRE funding from the Tertiary Education Commission along with other funding from government and the private sector.

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ArticNet

ArcticNet is a Network of Centres of Excellence of Canada that brings together scientists, engineers, and managers in the natural, human health and social sciences with their partners from Inuit organizations, northern communities, federal and provincial agencies and the private sector to study the impacts of climate change in the Canadian North. Over 175 ArcticNet researchers from 33 Canadian universities, 8 federal and 11 provincial agencies and departments collaborate with research teams in Denmark, Finland, France, Greenland, Japan, Norway, Poland, Russia, Spain, Sweden, the United Kingdom and the USA.

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Institut nordique du Québec

The INQ’s vision reflects its partners’ desire and determination to develop a sustainable North based on a foundation of knowledge. To integrate scientific knowledge with that of local communities, including Aboriginal knowledge, and partner with the public and private sectors to develop the Canadian Arctic and Northern Quebec for future generations, providing clean energy, healthy ecosystems, viable infrastructures, economic prosperity, vibrant cultures, and adapted education and healthcare systems.

Mapping Groundwater from the Air

Using advanced geophysical imaging technologies in novel ways, we are mapping California's groundwater to enable sustainable groundwater management for the state's major agricultural areas and elsewhere. California's subsurface aquifers are being extensively pumped, especially during years of drought. In some areas, the subsidence, or compaction, caused by over-pumping means that even with abundant rain, the lost water-storage capacity may never be recovered. Negative changes in water quality are also being seen - the intrusion of saltwater into coastal aquifers and high levels of arsenic in wells in the Central Valley.

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Hydroeconomic Vulnerability

An input-output analysis of water consumption within economic sectors using environmentally extended tables.

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Polar Data Catalogue

The Polar Data Catalogue, as described in the ArcticNet Data Policy, is composed of databases of metadata and accessible archives of certain data sets compiled by the Canadian Cryospheric Information Network (CCIN).

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SILA Met Stations & Monitoring Network

The general objective of the network is to characterize, quantify and evaluate environmental change in eight bioclimatic zones distributed across Northern Quebec and the eastern Canadian Arctic. The SILA Network comprises 100 automated stations acquiring data on a variety of environmental variables. The eight sites have been chosen based on the environmental issues of each of the bioclimatic zones.

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ARGO

Argo is an international program that collects information from inside the ocean using a fleet of robotic instruments that drift with the ocean currents and move up and down between the surface and a mid-water level. Each instrument (float) spends almost all its life below the surface. The data that Argo collects describes the temperature and salinity of the water and some of the floats measure other properties that describe the biology/chemistry of the ocean. The main reason for collecting these data is to help us understand the oceans’ role in earth’s climate and so be able to make improved estimates of how it will change in the future.

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Center for Diversified Farming Systems

The Center for Diversified Farming Systems (CDFS) is an interdisciplinary research hub within the Berkeley Food Institute that examines how biological, economic, and cultural diversity affect the productivity, resilience, sustainability, health, and equity of agriculture. With internationally-recognized experts in a broad range of both natural and social sciences, the Center for Diversified Farming Systems is uniquely positioned to rethink agriculture and find solutions to restore ecosystem services, sustain biodiversity, equitably promote farm livelihoods, and ensure food security.

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Québec-Océan

Québec-Océan is a group of scientists and their partners involved in oceanographic research. More than 200 members from 6 Quebec universities, several ministries and non governemental organisms collaborate to develop oceanography, including student training and knowledge transfer.

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CCGS Amundsen

Amundsen Science is the organization responsible for the management of the scientific mandate of the research icebreaker CCGS Amundsen. Mobilized for science in 2002 thanks to major grants from the Canada Foundation for Innovation and other partners, the Amundsen has been pivotal in revitalizing Canada’s research effort in the study of the changing Arctic Ocean. Every year, the research icebreaker accommodates hundreds of researchers, experts, and students participating in innovative and multidisciplinary programs addressing some of the most pressing challenges of our time.

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Takuvik Joint Laval / CNRS Laboratory

To fully understand the impact of climate change and the anthropic pressure on the Arctic ecosystem, the Takuvik program is designed to study both ocean and land ecosystems as well as the interaction between the two components.

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CEN Research Stations

Centre for Northern Studies (CEN) Stations are distributed along a North-South transect, from the Boreal forest to the High Arctic. In each region, these experimental and instrumental sites represent a reference site for a wide variety of research programs.

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Stanford Photonics Research Center

The Stanford Photonics Research Center builds strategic partnerships between the Stanford University research community and companies employing optics and photonics in their commercial activities.   Corporate members directly support photonics research activities at Stanford; in turn, members benefit from their exposure to current and emerging areas in Stanford photonics research.

Global Freshwater Initiative

Freshwater scarcity is one of this century’s most pressing challenges, but it is surprisingly hard to describe the nature of the "global water crisis." GFI staff are the first to systematically analyze and classify water crises around the world.